John Libbey Eurotext

Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement

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Therapeutic trials in dementia with Lewy bodies: a systematic review of the literature Volume 19, issue 3, Septembre 2021

Authors
1 Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche (CM2R), Pôle de gériatrie, Hôpitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, France
2 Équipe IMIS, laboratoire ICube, UMR 7357, Université de Strasbourg et CNRS, Strasbourg, France
* Correspondance

Background. Cognitive diseases with Lewy bodies occur in two forms: dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD), which follows the progression of Parkinson's disease. There is currently no curative treatment for these cognitive diseases with Lewy bodies. Therapeutic trials in DLB are rare, due to the recent description of the disease as well as its first international diagnostic criteria (1996).Method.This article proposes a synthesis of the therapeutic trials carried out in DLB in the last 5 years, including PDD patients with DLB patients, using the Clinicaltrials.gov and Pubmed.gov databases.Results.We identified 35 therapeutic trials on Clinical Trials and 14 on PubMed. According to our temporal criteria, 21 trials were analyzed. Among the 11 completed trials with reported results, two molecules showed positive results: two trials with zonisamide (phase 2 and 3) showed a gain on parkinsonism and one trial with neflamapimod (phase 2) a gain on cognition and walking. Conclusion.In recent years, there has been an increase in the therapeutic research effort in DLB, which is consistent with the prevalence of this disease - approximately 200,000 patients in France. Compared to other cognitive neurodegenerative diseases, therapeutic research is largely insufficient, whereas the proportion of positive trials is important. An effective disease modifying would have strong consequences for the patient and the relatives.