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Périnatalité

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Review of the current Algerian’s perinatal health Volume 3, issue 2, Juin 2011

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The demographic transition which started in the eighties of the last century has lead to a new epidemiological transition, mainly expressed by the emergence of noncommunicable diseases although the communicable diseases still continue. The main factors that have contributed to the improvement of the Algerian population’s health, and of the mother-infant couple in particular, result from the development of strategies that have started up in the beginning of the seventies. The observational studies for the last two decades [1] have concluded that the mortality rate has been observed to be high during the first weeks of life, and the causes of death also vary widely. After a hard struggle against the infant mortality and its exogenous causes, the perinatal health was finally accepted as a priority. The strategy obeys to the engagement of Algeria in following the directives of the millennium summit directed by the UN in 2000. The aim is to reach some points such as 2/3 decrease in the infant-juvenile mortality, 3/4 decrease in the maternal mortality for the period 1990–2015. If the political willing and the financial situation of the country answered to this important challenge, the lack in the organization and formation of health personnel still continue. The humanization of the cares, by enhancing the relation between the infant and mother (breastfeeding, skin-to-skin contact), may help the most vulnerable category of the infants. This is the strategy adopted by Algeria since 2006 throughout the setting of the national program of perinatality supported by promulgation of the decree of perinatality and normalization of neonatology from the official journal.