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Revue de neuropsychologie

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Cerebral visual impairment in children: a neuropsychological perspective Volume 7, issue 1, Janvier-Février-Mars 2015

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Author
1 Unité fonctionnelle vision et cognition, Fondation ophtalmologique Rothschild, 25, rue Manin, 75019 Paris, France
2 Laboratoire de psychologie de la Perception, UMR 8242, CNRS et Université Paris-Descartes, 75006 Paris, France
* Correspondance

Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is the first cause of blindness in industrialized countries. The strong increase in CVI in children is due to the large occurrence of posterior lesions in children having survived severe and deleterious neurological conditions around birth as well as to a better screening and diagnosis of these deficits. As in adults, the nature and severity of CVI in children are directly dependent upon the location and extent of the brain damage. We present here the semiology, aetiology and lesion location leading to CVI as well as the deleterious consequences of these deficits on learning, development and social interactions.