Université de Tunis El Manar, Faculté de médecine de Tunis, Tunisie
Hôpital Razi, La Mannouba, Tunisie
Background: Admission to nursing homes is often associated with a change in the way the elderly live, possibly impacting quality of life (QOL). We aimed to assess QOL in elderly without dementia living in nursing homes, and to examine the association between QOL and sociodemographic features, comorbidities, level of dependency, and depression. Method: We carried out a cross-sectional survey involving 42 old subjects living in Manouba nursing home. The Mini-mental state examination, the Geriatric depression scale, the Activity of daily living, the Cumulative illness rating scale-geriatric, and the 36-item Medical outcomes study short-form health survey-SF36 were used to assess cognitive functions, depression, level of dependency, comorbidities and QOL, respectively. Results: All dimensions of the physical and mental components of QOL were altered in our population, with an overall mean score of less than 66.7 for all domains. A significant correlation was found between the two physical and mental components of QOL and the level of dependency, depression scores as well as comorbidity scores. In the final model of hierarchical regression, which included demographic (age and gender), clinical (level of dependency and comorbidities), and psychosocial (depression and social support) variables, only social support was significantly associated with both QOL dimensions. Conclusion: Strengthening social support in institutions is strongly recommended, especially activities that promote interaction. When family members remain involved in the lives of their older relatives after institutionalization, policies such as family visits and the involvement of family members in the care provided should be strongly encouraged.