Environnement, Risques & Santé


One health and Ecohealth in protected areas in France Volume 21, issue 3, Mai-Juin 2022


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1 Expert national en santéenvironnement, Parc national des écrins, Domaine de Charance, 05 000 Gap, France
2 Membre du groupe spécialiste « santé et bien-être » de la commission mondiale des aires protégées de l’UICN (2018-2021), Parc naturel régional du Golfe du Morbihan, 8, boulevard des Îles, 56000 Vannes, France
3 Conservatoire des espaces naturels de Haute-Savoie, 84, route du Vieran, 74370 Pringy, France
4 Fédération des parcs naturels régionaux de France, 9, rue Christiani, 75018 Paris, France
5 Institut de recherche de la Tour du Valat, Le Sambuc, 13200 Arles, France
Tirés à part : T. Durand

Article previously published in Humanité et Biodiversité magazine 7 and republished with its agreement.


Protected areas (PAs) are intended to preserve the health of humans, animals and ecosystems and to meet the global challenges of biodiversity and climate change. The key role of French PAs as preferential sites for turning the “One health” concept into practice is highlighted.

PAs apply a practical territorial model of socio-ecological systems based on the interdependence between human society and nature and on an exchange of ecosystem and anthropic goods and services. They have a range of tools for maintaining good overall stability. By highlighting operational examples of applying the “One health” concept, the article provides a toolbox divided into four main categories of actions to promote the proper functioning of socio-ecological systems. Sustainability tools are illustrated by the alpine sentinel networks. The stabilization tools set forth the fundamental role of wildlife and some principles of its management. The various governance tools provide contractual frameworks adapted to the various territories. Finally, integrating tools are presented as key elements to network actors and construct nature-based solutions. PAs are thus the most appropriate interfaces for action directly linked to the sustainable development objectives of the 2030 Agenda, guaranteeing, in particular, health and well-being for all.