Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Paracelsus Medical University and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Salzburg, Austria, Affiliated EpiCARE Partner
Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University and the IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Department of Paediatric Neurosciences, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, UK
Department of Neurology, Hospital of Merano (SABES-ASDAA), Merano-Meran, Italy
Neurological Clinic, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy
Neuroscience Institute, Christian Doppler University Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
Department of Public Health, Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT – University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria
Correspondence: Matthias Mauritz
Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg,
Department of Neurology and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience,
Salzburg 5020, Austria
Acute symptomatic seizures occurring in close temporal relationship with an acute CNS insult are distinct from epilepsy and occur frequently in clinical practice. The aim of this educational review is to provide information on the most important aspects related to acute symptomatic seizures that will allow clinicians to accurately distinguish acute symptomatic seizures from epilepsy in their patients. We explain the definition of acute symptomatic seizures and we illustrate how acute symptomatic seizures differ from epilepsy. We describe acute symptomatic seizures in the context of their various underlying aetiologies and we discuss the approach to the management of patients with acute symptomatic seizures.
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