Environnement, Risques & Santé


Concerning the report to the Prime Minister on “The Impact of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between the European Union and Canada (AECG/CETA) on the Environment, Climate and Health” Volume 17, issue 2, March-April 2018

Société française de santé et environnement (SFSE)
Université Paris Diderot
Bâtiment Buffon - Case courrier 7073
4, rue Marie Andrée Lagroua Weill Hallé
75205 Paris cedex 13
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On September 8, 2017, the group of 9 independent experts coordinated by Katheline Schubert, all appointed by the French government, submitted a report to the Prime Minister analyzing the predictable impact on the environment, climate and human health of the application of this comprehensive economic and trade agreement between the European Union and Canada (CETA), just before its provisional entry into force. This report is dispassionate but critical. After detailing the lacunae and the defects of the agreement in these areas, as well as the differences between both parties, it ends by proposing 9 amendments on 4 main subjects: the necessity for a process of public arbitration between States and Investors respectful of democracy, the necessity for a good process of regulatory convergence, the principle of reciprocity, and a climate veto. After the presentation of this work, a long-term analysis of the future, intended to be optimistic, was set forth. It began by consideration of the transient and thus evolutionary character of such an agreement, in the light of the general transition towards globalism, observed in market societies by some philosophers, sociologists, and jurists. And it finished with an opening toward the future, setting forth the objective of legal developments especially important for both public and environmental health: the establishment of a right of human veto in global regulations, the regulation of decision-making by scientific expertise, the guarantee of the transparency of the governance of health risks and the reform of legal liability to take into account the multiple or uncertain causalities involved.

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