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Undernutrition: elements of interest to the practitioner Volume 31, issue 1, Janvier-Février 2022

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Authors
1 EA 3072 Mitochondrie, stress oxydant et protection musculaire, université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
2 Service de médecine interne, clinique Sainte-Anne, Strasbourg, France
3 Service de médecine interne, clinique médicale B, hôpitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
4 Irimas, université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse, France
5 Explorations fonctionnelles et physiologie, hôpitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
Tirés à part : E. Andrès

Undernutrition is a frequent problem in medicine. In practice, it concerns all practitioners, whether they work in the city, in hospitals, or in medico-social structures. In view of its deleterious physiopathological consequences for each individual, it deserves to be diagnosed and screened, particularly in certain high-risk situations (notably in the case of a lack of intake, increased needs and losses) and in principle in the elderly. In this context, the tools available to the practitioner are numerous, including: data from the clinical examination, anthropometric data (weight, BMI, skin folds), biological data (mainly albumin, transthyretin, BPR), and composite indices and nutritional scores (including the MNA, NRI, SGA, NRS2002 and MUST)