Service d’ODF, Faculté de médecine dentaire, avenue Mohamed El Jazouli, Université Mohammed V de Rabat, Maroc
Centre de recherche Euromed, Université Euromed de Fès, BP 51, FèsMaroc
Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate, through a systematic review of the literature and an in vitro study, the alteration of the mechanical and chemical properties of aligners after aging in artificial saliva and in the oral cavity. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out, through an electronic consultation of three databases: PubMed, EBSCO and Sciencedirect, between September 2018 and January 2020. The search was guided by the use of several specific keywords. In our in vitro study, the mechanical properties of our sample of aligners were evaluated using the 3-point bending test after a water immersion. Results and Discussion: Of the 189 articles found, only six articles met our inclusion criteria. In the light of the studies selected in this systematic review and of our in vitro study, it can be concluded that the orthodontic aligners undergo an alteration in their mechanical properties after stay in the mouth. However, the real impact of these modifications on their clinical performance remains to be demonstrated and it is difficult to make a final judgment on their chemical stability. Other controlled clinical studies, with protocols better suited to the clinical criteria studied, are necessary to objectively assess the aging phenomenon of orthodontic aligners.