JLE

Revue de neuropsychologie

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Disorders, assessments, and rehabilitations of social cognition: Specific features for traumatic brain injury patients Volume 15, issue 3, Juillet-Août-Septembre 2023

Authors
1 Laboratoire DysCo, Université Paris 8 Saint-Denis, 2 rue de la Liberté, 93526 Saint-Denis
2 Antenne UEROS-UGECAMIDF, Hôpital R. Poincaré, 92380 Garches
3 Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire, LPPL EA 4638, SFR Confluences, UNIV Angers, Nantes Université, Maison de la recherche Germaine-Tillion, 5 bis boulevard Lavoisier, 49045 Angers cedex 01
4 AP-HP, Hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, service MPR, 92380 Garches, France et Inserm DevPsy, Centre de Recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations, UMR 1018, Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ
* Correspondance : C. Vallat-Azouvi

Patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) present some cognitive and behavioral disorders relating to attentional, memory, and executive functions, but also difficulties with social cognition. The specific nature of social cognitive disorders, as well as the links with behavioral disorders frequently reported in these patients, are still debated in the literature. Building on the data present in the literature, this article will describe the specific features of these disorders and their impact on therapies. In this clinical population, the studies show disturbances in various components of social cognition, either concomitantly or in isolation. These disorders are not related to age or the time elapsed since the TBI, have repercussions in daily life, and are predictive of social and professional reintegration. The links between social cognition and behavioral disorders and the causal link often evoked in clinical settings are discussed. Although these disorders are described in the literature, they are still under-evaluated and poorly rehabilitated in clinical practice. The question of non-medical therapies and their specific features is also debated in the literature, and few methods or protocols have been validated and studied for their effectiveness.