John Libbey Eurotext

Médecine de la Reproduction

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Psychological well-being and relationships in families created by gamete donation and surrogacy Volume 22, issue 3, Juillet-Août-Septembre 2020

Author
Centre for Family Research,
University of Cambridge,
Free School Lane,
Cambridge CB2 3RF,
Royaume-Uni
* Tirés à part

Gamete donation and surrogacy are both forms of third-party reproduction. Despite the growing prevalence of families formed through third-party reproduction, little is known about the psychological adjustment and family relationships within these families and on how the children feel about their birth. This review summarises findings from research studies examining parenting, parent-child relationships and child adjustment in families created through egg donation, sperm donation and surrogacy. It also discusses research examining the impact of disclosure on children. Overall, families appear to function well and children do not experience psychological problems. However, some donor conceived individuals can feel negatively about their birth and future studies should aim to identify what factors influence this. Far fewer studies have examined the outcomes for surrogacy families compared to those formed through egg donation and sperm donation. Given that there is huge variability between countries in who can access treatment, the type of donors available and the way in which different treatments are practiced, there is a need for future studies to conduct research in different cultural contexts to help fully understand the consequences for families created through third party reproduction.