Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, H. N. Medic Kitahiroshima, 5-6-1, Kyoeicho, Kitahiroshima 061-1113, Hokkaido, Japan
Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, H. N. Medic, 6-1-5, Atsubetsuchuo-5, Atsubetsu-ku, Sapporo 004-0055, Hokkaido, Japan
Department of Internal Medicine, H. N. Medic, 6-1-5, Atsubetsuchuo-5, Atsubetsu-ku, Sapporo 004-0055, Hokkaido, Japan
Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, H. N. Medic Sapporo-Higashi, 1-26, Kita-19, Higashi-7, Higashi-ku, Sapporo 065-0019, Hokkaido, Japan
Correspondence: Ryota Ikee, MD, H. N. Medic Kitahiroshima, 5-6-1, Kyoeicho, Kitahiroshima 061-1113, Hokkaido, Japan
Serum Mg levels are elevated in patients with renal insufficiency: harmful effects of hypomagnesemia have been reported in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). In this cross-sectional study, which included 86 HD patients (male : female = 56:30, age 68 ± 12 years), we examined the clinical factors associated with serum Mg levels, with a focus on sevelamer, a phosphate binder widely used to control the hyperphosphatemia of HD patients. The mean serum Mg concentration among our patients was 2.48 ± 0.37 mg/dL (1.02 ± 0.15 mmol/L). Sevelamer was administered to 67 patients (77.9%) at a mean dose of 1.98 ± 1.64 g/day. Sex, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, anuria, and drugs other than sevelamer were not associated with serum Mg levels. HD duration, serum calcium, albumin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), creatinine generation rate, and sevelamer dose correlated positively with serum Mg levels, whereas a negative correlation was observed for age and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. A stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that age, nPCR, and the dose of sevelamer were independently associated with serum Mg levels. Sevelamer and Mg have been reported to exhibit similar effects, such as an anti-inflammatory effect, inhibition of cardiovascular calcification, and decreased mortality. Therefore, the pleiotropic effects of sevelamer may be partly attributable to the increase in serum Mg levels caused by the drug itself.