John Libbey Eurotext

Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement


Role of context recall in destination memory decline in normal aging Volume 12, issue 4, Décembre 2014


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1 Unité de recherche en sciences cognitives et affectives (Ureca-EA 1059), Université de Lille 3, France
2 Lunam Université, Université d’Angers et Laboratoire de psychologie des Pays de la Loire (EA 4638), France
3 Centre mémoire de ressources et de recherches, CHU Angers, France
4 Centre national de référence des maladies neurogénétiques, CHU Angers, France
* Tirés à part

Until recently, little was known about destination memory, or memory for the destination of outputted information. In the present work, this memory was evaluated in 32 older adults and 36 younger adults, who had to associate proverbs to pictures of famous people and decide, on a subsequent recognition task, whether they had previously told that proverb to that face or not. When deciding about the destination, participants had to provide contextual judgment, that is, whether each picture had been previously exposed in color or in black and white. Participants also performed a neuropsychological battery tapping episodic memory and executive functions. Findings showed poor destination recall in older participants. Destination recall in older adults was reliably predicted by with their context recall. Destination memory seems to be particularly affected by aging, a deterioration that can be related to deficits in processing contextual features during encoding.