CM2R, CHU de Saint-Étienne, France, EA - SIS 4129, Saint-Étienne, France, Service de santé publique, CHU de Saint-Étienne, France
Refusal of care and support in these patients with Alzheimer's disease and related illnesses at home is a cause of accelerated loss of autonomy and increases the risk of a crisis with early institutionalization. Factors contributing to the denial of care are poorly understood and very few epidemiological data exist.
Materials and methods: we compared age, diagnosis, level of severity of the disease, the type of behavioral, family status of 101 patients living in denial of care and support as seen by a mobile home (group UPEPc) to 136 control patients seen at the memory clinic (group CM). Patients living in denial of care appear to significantly low age [82/80.5, p<0.0001], with more advanced disease [average MMSE 18/22, p<0.0001], the presence family conflicts and behavioral disorders [delirious - hallucination, agitation - aggression, depression, apathy, p<0.05].
Conclusion: the profile of patients refusing home care is specific and it is important to educate GPs conditions that favor an obstacle to medicalization. The advantage of a mobile extramural to analyze risk factors for refusal of care and propose alternatives should be further investigated.