John Libbey Eurotext

Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement

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Interest of the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI) as an assessment tool in hospitalized patients in geriatrics Volume 17, issue 4, Décembre 2019

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Authors
1 Service de gériatrie, CHU La Milétrie, Poitiers, France
2 Centre d’investigation clinique, CIC Inserm 1402, CHU La Milétrie, Poitiers, France
* Correspondance

The collection of prognostic information in the elderly is essential. The main objective was to perform a replication of the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI), to predict mortality at one-year in patients hospitalized in geriatric wards. Secondary objectives were to evaluate if the MPI was predictive of the length of hospital stay, and of rehospitalization in the following year. Methods. Prospective study conducted from February 2015 to November 2016 at the University Hospital of Poitiers (Geriatrics department). A comprehensive geriatric assessment (number of treatment, lifestyle, autonomy, comorbidities, risk of pressure sore, nutritional and cognitive status) was used to calculate the MPI score and to categorize patients into three groups: low (MPI-1), moderate (MPI-2) and high (MPI-3) risk of mortality. Results. 153 patients were included, with mean age 85.9 ± 5.4 years. Twenty-one patients (13.7%) belonged to MPI-1 group, 98 (64.1%) to MPI-2 group, and 34 (22.2%) to MPI-3 group. The number of deaths at one-year according to the MPI group was different (p < 0.01). The one-year prognostic performance of MPI was good (AUC at 0.76). MPI was also predictive of hospital length stay (p < 0.05). Conclusion. MPI appears to be a relevant prognostic tool in the stratification of one-year mortality risk in elderly patients hospitalized in geriatrics.