John Libbey Eurotext

Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement

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Estimate of the prevalence of cognitive impairment in an elderly population of the health center of Senegalese national retirement institution Volume 10, issue 1, Mars 2012

Authors
Service de médecine interne, HALD, Dakar, Sénégal, CMSU de l’IPRES, Dakar, Sénégal, Clinique neurologique, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Fann, Dakar, Sénégal, Département de médecine préventive et santé publique, Faculté de médecine, pharmacie et odontostomatologie, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Sénégal, Service de psychiatrie, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Fann, Dakar, Sénégal, Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada, Clinique de mémoire, Division de gériatrie, Sir Mortimer B Davis Hôpital général juif, Faculté de médecine, Université McGill, Québec, Canada

<p> Objective: To assess the prevalence of cognitive impairment in a Senegalese elderly population, of the Sociohealth and university center of Senegalese national retirement institution, Dakar, Senegal.</p><p> Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in 872 Senegalese elderly population aged 55 years and over utilizing the Sociohealth and university center of IPRES, Dakar, Senegal for health care. Sociodemographic, lifestyles, physical activity, medical history, familial history of dementia data were collected with a structured questionnaire completed with a clinical exam and neuropsychological testing. Cognitive impairment was defined as a score of 28 or less with the test of Senegal.</p><p> Results: Ninety four subjects (10.8%; 95% CI 8,7-12,9) had cognitive impairment. Mean age was 67.2 years (±7.5 years), 63% were men, 79% were married, and half of them knew how to read and write. Hypertension, arthritis and gastro-intestinal diseases were the main health conditions reported. Prevalence of cognitive impairment varied with age and education.</p><p> Conclusion: Prevalence of cognitive decline in the Sociohealth and university center of IPRES, Dakar, Senegal, is higher and varied with age and education.</p>