John Libbey Eurotext

Environnement, Risques & Santé

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Potential risks to human health and the environment of the pest-control practices of greenhouse farmers in the Algerian Pre-Sahara Volume 15, issue 3, May-June 2016

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Tables

Authors
1 École nationale supérieure agronomique
Avenue Hassan Badi
El Harrach
BP 16200
Alger
Algérie
2 Centre de recherche scientifique et technique sur les régions arides Omar El-Barnaoui (CRSTRA)
Campus universitaire Mohamed Kheider
BP 1682 RP 07000
Biskra
Algérie
* Tirés à part
  • Key words: risks, pesticides, agriculture, human health, environment, Algeria
  • DOI : 10.1684/ers.2016.0863
  • Page(s) : 219-27
  • Published in: 2016

Farmers use numerous methods to protect their crops and secure yields against harmful insects and fungal diseases. Chemical control methods play an important role in so-called conventional agriculture. To evaluate the potential risk to human health and the environment of the pest-control practices of greenhouse farmers in the Ziban region (Algerian pre-Sahara), we conducted a survey of 132 randomly selected greenhouse growers from October 2011 to June 2012. The results revealed that 72% used no protective measures from the onset of chemical preparation to the end of the treatments. Conditions in greenhouses, particularly between March and June, do not allow producers to comply with pre-harvest intervals, especially for tomatoes. Nearly all (98.5%) farmers throw the water used to rinse the sprayers on the ground next to the water source. Finally, pesticide packaging and empty containers were left in the field by 55.3% of greenhouse growers, burned on their farms by 32.6%, and either burned or thrown on their fields by 12.1%. Based on these results, the pest-control practices of the Ziban farmers are poor and potentially harmful to the health of sprayers, consumers, and the environment.