Environnement, Risques & Santé


Examining and monitoring natural environments for health and well-being from a territorial viewpoint Volume 21, issue 3, Mai-Juin 2022

1 UMR EPIA INRAE-VetAgroSup, Centre INRAE, 63122 Saint Genès, Champanelle, France
2 UMR MIVEGEC IRDCNRS-Université de Montpellier, 911, avenue Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, France
3 Retraité, Ingénieur général des ponts, des eaux et forêts au sein du ministère en charge de l’Environnement, Ancien directeur de cabinet de la ministre de l’Écologie, Ancien directeur DIREN/PACA
Tirés à part : J.-F. Guégan

Article déjà publié dans la revue 7 d'Humanité et Biodiversité et republié avec son accord.


The full importance of the “One health” concept now internationally promoted by the FAO, OIE, WHO, and UNEP is seen in the territories. The state of environments and habitats directly impacts human, animal and plant health, each of which depends on the functioning and dynamics of socio-agro-ecosystems. These territories are ideal for observation, analysis but also for action, thus giving citizens more weight in the choices and decisions for a sustainable future. The authors therefore recommend a period of experimentation in the form of research and analysis to be carried out in a few selected territories, chosen for their specific characteristics and the questions they raise (degradation of territory, habitats and biodiversity versus landscaped and diversified territory) in terms of health risks (emergence of certain chronic or infectious diseases). These experiments should be carried out in interdisciplinary studies involving all the local actors and could be based on citizen observations and cohorts of people followed up for at least five years. The emerging health indicators would serve as bases for corrective public actions and policies, in favor of “One health” for all.