John Libbey Eurotext

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Measuring and controlling groundwater properties in Ouled Driss, Algeria Volume 17, issue 3, May-June 2018

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Tables

Authors
1 Université Mohamed Cherif Messaadia
Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l’eau et environnement
Souk Ahras
Algérie
2 Université Mohamed Cherif Messaadia
Faculté des sciences de la nature et de la vie
Département de biologie
Souk Ahras
Algérie
3 Université 8 Mai 1945
Faculté des sciences de la nature et de la vie et sciences de la terre et de l’univers
Département de biologie
Guelma
Algérie
4 Université de Akli Mohand Oulhadj
Faculté des sciences de la nature et de la vie et sciences de la terre et de l’univers
Département de biologie
Bouira
Algérie
* Tirés à part
  • Key words: groundwater, potability, human health, chemical indicators, pollution, health risks
  • DOI : 10.1684/ers.2018.1157
  • Page(s) : 253-61
  • Published in: 2018

Ain Nechema, Ain Souda, Ain Ras Oued, and Ain Maa Bared are important sources of drinking water for the inhabitants of Ouled Driss (Souk Ahras Province, in northeastern Algeria). This article is a qualitative and quantitative study of the physicochemical and bacteriological properties of the water, based on Algerian potability standards and the regulations in force, intended to ensure consumers’ health and well-being.

The results of the physicochemical analysis showed that these waters are mineralized with a high content of bicarbonate and calcium, compared with other ions. The results meet Algerian drinking water standards, except for their elevated levels of lead and sodium. The results of the bacteriological analysis showed the presence of several fecal contamination indicators, including total coliforms, fecal coliforms, and fecal streptococci. Several sources of pollution are the cause of this degradation in water quality: waste discharge from the urban area close to the springs and agricultural activities such as cattle breeding and irrational use of manure for crops. We conclude that this water is of poor quality and is unfit for human consumption.