Anxiety and depression in people with epilepsy in Lao Popular’s Democratic Republic Volume 20, issue 1, janvier-février-mars 2008

Institut de la Francophonie pour la Médecine Tropicale, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Institut d’Epidémiologie Neurologique et de Neurologie Tropicale (EA 3174), Faculté de Médecine, Université de Limoges, 2 rue du Docteur Marcland, 87025 Limoges Cedex, France, Dept. Public Health & Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland, Handicap International, Lao office

We carried out an analytic study on anxiety and depression in people with epilepsy (PWE) in Lao PDR. The study confirmed a Goldberg’s anxiety and depression score threefold in PWE than in villagers (matched by age group, sex and village). A probable psychological disorder was also threefold in patients than in controls (94.8 % versus 33.1 % ; p < 0.001). Risk factors analysis within PWE showed that the residence region (rural vs. urban) is the most significant factor. Receiving advice from neighbours decreased the depression in patients. The relation between antiepileptic treatment and anxiety/depression was not proven in this sample.