Laboratoire de génétique, immunologie et pathologies humaines, Faculté des Sciences, El Mannar I, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia, Charles Nicole Hospital, Department of Urology, Tunis, Tunisia, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Genetic, Immunology and Human Pathology, Faculty of Sciences, Tunisia
CYP2D6 enzyme is implicated in the metabolism of drugs and nicotine. Genetic variability within CYP2D6, results in different CYP2D6 phenotypes. Inheritance of polymorphic CYP2D6 metabolizing enzyme is likely to be an important determinant of inter-individual variations in susceptibility to cancer. In this work, we have conducted a case control study in order to assess the role of CYP2D6*4 variant in bladder cancer development in a Tunisian cohort. A total of 80 patients with TCC of bladder cancer and 109 healthy controls were included in the present study. The frequency of CYP2D6*4 allele, characterized by loss of BstNI site, was observed in 8.25% of healthy volunteers and in 10.62% of patients. The CYP2D6*4/CYP2D6*4 genotype was observed in only 2.75% of controls and was absent in cases. In all group of patients, the CYP2D6*4 allele did not appear to influence bladder cancer susceptibility (p > 0.05). A similar result was obtained when we stratified cases group according to tobacco status. Conversely, patients carrying the BstNI site at the homozygous state, mostly combined as homozygous wild genotype, could be at more risk of bladder cancer invasiveness than those having the heterozygous genotype.