Revue de neuropsychologie


Cortical blindness: semiology, aetiology and neuropsychological rehabilitation Volume 5, issue 1, Janvier-Février-Mars 2013

Fondation ophtalmologique Rothschild, CNRS UMR 8158, unité fonctionnelle vision et cognition & LPP, 25, rue Manin, 75019 Paris, France

Cortical blindness refers to a visual loss induced by a bilateral occipital lesion. The very strong cooperation between psychophysics, cognitive psychology, neurophysiology and neuropsychology these last 20 years as well as recent progress in cerebral imagery have led to a better understanding of neurovisual deficits such as cortical blindness. It thus becomes possible now to propose an earlier diagnosis of cortical blindness as well as new perspectives for rehabilitation in children as well as in adults. On the other hand, studying complex neurovisual deficits such as cortical blindness is a way to infer normal functioning of the visual system.