Santé publique France
12, rue du Val d’Osne
94415 Saint-Maurice Cedex
Inserm - U587
25, rue du Docteur Roux
75724 Paris Cedex 15
This article, applying a transactional model of stress, examines the role of local community attitudes to a chemical industrial site in France in the relation between perceived health indicators and exposure to industrial environmental pollution.
This cross-sectional epidemiological study used computer-assisted telephone interviews of local communities living near the industrial site to collect data (n=1495). Perceived health indicators were the mental component summary (MCS) score on MOS SF-36, the anxiety score on SCL-90-R, and sleep disorders (insomnia). A multivariate analysis with multiple mediators explored the relations between three indicators of exposure (perceived visual stimuli, odors, and noises) from the industrial facility and each perceived health indicator. Attitudes toward the industrial site such as attributing pollution to the industrial activities of the site, beliefs and anxiety about the health impact of industrial pollution, perceived control of and coping strategies for the industrial site mediated the relation between perceived health and pollution.
The results confirm that attitudes to the industrial site play a mediating role (perfect mediation). They highlight the importance of psychological stress factors due to pollution generated by industrial activities and also provide an indication of how to manage these complex environmental situations.