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Environnement, Risques & Santé

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Pollution de l’air et perturbations du métabolisme glucidique : nouvelles investigations en Allemagne et aux États-Unis Volume 17, issue 6, November-December 2018

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This news is based on the following articles:

- Lucht SA, Hennig F, Matthiessen C, et al. Air pollution and glucose metabolism: an analysis in non-diabetic participants of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Environ Health Perspect 2018 ; 126(4) : 047001. doi : 10.1289/EHP2561

- Li W, Dorans KS, Wilker EH, et al. Ambient air pollution, adipokines, and glucose homeostasis: The Framingham Heart Study. Environ Int 2018 ; 111 : 14-22. doi : j.envint.2017.11.010

 

These two analyses in non-diabetic populations help to explain the effects of air pollution on glucose homeostasis. Their common strength is the use of data from well-defined cohorts, which makes it possible to adjust for numerous covariates. The authors of the German stud* focused on the effects on blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin of medium-term exposure to four pollution compounds, including a sub-fraction of fine particulate matter. The work done in the United States includes other exposure indicators, such as proximity to a major roadway, and three adipokines among the biomarkers examined.