Environnement, Risques & Santé


Survey of gardening practices and consumption of food grown in family gardens of Belfort (Franche-Comté) Volume 14, issue 1, January-February 2015


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1 Institut de veille sanitaire (InVS)
Cellule de l’InVS en régions (Cire) Bourgogne et Franche-Comté
Département coordination des alertes et des régions
ARS de Bourgogne
2, place des Savoirs
CS 73535
21035 Dijon
2 Conseil général du Territoire de Belfort
Direction de l’environnement
39, Faubourg de Montbéliard
90000 Belfort
3 Agence régionale de santé de Franche-Comté
Unité territoriale santé environnement Nord Franche-Comté
8, rue du Peintre Heim
90000 Belfort
* Tirés à part

Consumption of home-grown fruits and vegetables from family gardens is an important factor in assessing the health risks related to polluted soils. Nevertheless, agricultural practices in family gardens remain relatively unknown. This cross-sectional survey sought to examine gardening practices and consumption of the fruit and vegetables grown among 150 gardeners of the 800 people with community garden allotments in the urban area of Belfort. Three types of gardens were defined, based on the diversity of crops produced, the gardening practices, and the rates of home consumption. Relatively few different crops were grown in the first group of gardens, cultivated mainly by families with children. The third group, on the other hand, were cultivated by elderly retirees, who no longer have children at home and who spend more time and considerable effort on both the variety and quality of the produce they grow. Tomatoes, green beans, lettuces, zucchini (courgettes), and carrots were the most common of the fruits and vegetables cultivated. Green beans, beets, leeks, and, to a lesser extent, berries, rhubarb, pumpkin and squashes, zucchini, and cabbages from these gardens were eaten in large quantities.