John Libbey Eurotext

Médecine thérapeutique / Pédiatrie


Child abuse and Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Volume 24, issue 2, April-May-June 2022


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1 Hôpitaux Pédiatriques de Nice CHU Lenval, 57, avenue de la Californie, 06200 Nice
2 Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie & Santé des Populations (CESP), INSERM U1018, 16 avenue Paul Vaillant-Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex (France)
3 Avocat au Barreau de Nice, Le Palais Alphonse Karr, 2 rue Rossini, 06000 Nice
Correspondance : H. Caci

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder of complex but essentially genetic origin. From a medical perspective, dealing with maltreatment in children with ADHD means defining maltreatment and determining the risk factors and the protective factors – in particular those related to ADHD – by distinguishing between maltreatment suffered and maltreatment committed. While the World Health Organisation has long defined abuse in all its complexity, this was not the case in French law until Law n°2022-140 of 7 February 2022. Subsequently, other legal advances have been made which we discuss. Thus, our medical discussion is complemented by an examination of the range of judicial responses that aim to detect and prevent situations of abuse in general and in ADHD in particular. Finally, we examine the necessary conditions for both medical and judicial expertise in neurodevelopmental disorders and the potentially damaging consequences that should be avoided. The originality of this article is that it was written jointly by a doctor and a lawyer.