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Child abuse and Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Volume 24, issue 2, April-May-June 2022
- Key words: attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, child, adolescent, abuse, violence, legislation as topic
- DOI : 10.1684/mtp.2022.0757
- Page(s) : 94-108
- Published in: 2022
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder of complex but essentially genetic origin. From a medical perspective, dealing with maltreatment in children with ADHD means defining maltreatment and determining the risk factors and the protective factors – in particular those related to ADHD – by distinguishing between maltreatment suffered and maltreatment committed. While the World Health Organisation has long defined abuse in all its complexity, this was not the case in French law until Law n°2022-140 of 7 February 2022. Subsequently, other legal advances have been made which we discuss. Thus, our medical discussion is complemented by an examination of the range of judicial responses that aim to detect and prevent situations of abuse in general and in ADHD in particular. Finally, we examine the necessary conditions for both medical and judicial expertise in neurodevelopmental disorders and the potentially damaging consequences that should be avoided. The originality of this article is that it was written jointly by a doctor and a lawyer.