John Libbey Eurotext

Médecine thérapeutique / Pédiatrie

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School bullying in children and adolescents Volume 24, issue 2, April-May-June 2022

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Author
Hôpital Ambroise-Paré, AP-HP, Université Paris Saclay, Service de pédiatrie, 9 avenue Charles de Gaulle, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt
Correspondance : B. Chevallier

During the school years, bullying is one of the most common expressions in the peer context. Research on bullying started more than forty years ago, when the phenomenon was defined as agressive, intentional acts carried out by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time agaisnt a victim who cannot easily defend him- or herself. Three criteria are relevant in order to define agressive behavior as bullying: (1) repetition, (2) intentionality and (3) and imbalance of power. Prevalence, age, and gender differences are discussed, as well as why it happens, starting from the large surveys carried out in western countries. Risk factors are focused as well as short- and long-term outcomes of bullying and victimization. Finally effective prevention is discussed, and issues proposed.