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Mental health in the general population: Images and realities in Tahiti Volume 98, issue 7, Août-Septembre 2022

Authors
1 Centre hospitalier universitaire, service de psychiatrie, CHU de Fort- de-France, BP 632, 97261 Martinique
2 Centre de prévention du suicide et association SOS Suicide, BP 130 2899, 08 717 Punaauia, Tahiti, Polynésie française
3 Inserm U1018 Moods, CESP, Université Paris Saclay, Paris, France
4 Maison des Sciences de l’Homme-Pacifique (MSH-P, UPF), Tahiti, Polynésie française
5 Inserm UMR 1123, ECEVE, Paris, France
6 Centre collaborateur de l’OMS, EPSM Lille Métropole, Lille, France
7 Centre hospitalier de Polynésie française (CHPF), Tahiti, Polynésie française
8 Université de Polynésie française (UPF), Tahiti, Polynésie française
9 Direction de la santé publique, Tahiti, Polynésie française
10 Centre hospitalier spécialisé (CHS), Nouméa, Nouvelle Calédonie
11 Centre hospitalier universitaire, service d’addictologie, CHU de Fort-de-France, Martinique
12 CHU Amiens, France
Correspondance : S. Amadéo

The Survey on Mental Health in the General Population (SMPG) was conducted in French Polynesia between 2015 and 2017. It highlights the prevalence of major mental disorders and suicide risk among adults in the general French Polynesian population. The quota sampling method was used to draw a sample of 968 people aged 18 and over. Psychiatric diagnoses and suicide risk were evaluated using a MINI questionnaire (ICD-10). The prevalence of mental disorders (42.8%), active suicidal ideation (13.4%), recent suicide attempts (2.6%), and lifetime suicide attempts (18.6%) was high in French Polynesia. The high prevalence of suicide risk and mental disorders in the general French Polynesian population must lead to a suicide prevention and mental health plan and to further research identifying cultural risk factors.