Neural bases of memory Volume 18, supplement 2, Numéro spécial, Septembre 2006


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Laboratoire de Neurobiologie de l’Apprentissage, de la Mémoire et de la Communication, CNRS UMR 8620, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France

Clinical evidence provided by HM led to the notion that memory is supported by various and relatively independent systems of memory, that should be related to different structural and anatomical brain circuits. Our knowledge on that particular point has been enriched by clinical and experimental studies as well as by the increasing development of cerebral imagery and today a relatively coherent scheme can be proposed. We know more on long-term than short-term memory. Within long term memory, the episodic memory and the procedural memory are those which have been the most extensively studied and for which the most complete information can be provided. A more recent area concerns interactions and modifications of the memory structural basis which can occur either with time or with the level of practice. This approach is certainly one of the main goals of the research on memory for the forthcoming years.