Epileptic Disorders


The concept of the epileptogenic zone: a modern look at Penfield and Jasper’s views on the role of interictal spikes Volume 8, supplement 2, Supplement 2, September 2006

Porto Alegre Epilepsy Surgery Program, Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital São Lucas & Faculty of Medicine, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), RS, Brazil

In modern times, the determination of the epileptogenic zone demands a sophisticated combination of neurophysiological and neuroimaging tools. Historically however, the concept of the epileptogenic zone was based on and has evolved from the recording of interictal spikes, both in the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) and, particularly, in the acute electrocorticogram (ECoG). Because the role of interictal spikes is still not always clear in the decision-making process of epilepsy surgery, the relevance of these spikes in the definition of the epileptogenic zone is reviewed here, starting with the pioneering work of the Montreal school.