John Libbey Eurotext

Combining advanced neuroimaging techniques in presurgical workup of non-lesional intractable epilepsy Volume 8, issue 3, September 2006


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Department of Neurology, Brno Epilepsy Center, Department of Neuroimaging, Brno Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Brno Epilepsy Center, Clinic of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Bohunice, Brno, PET Unit, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Department of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Institute of Scientific Instruments Academy of Sciences, Brno, Brno Epilepsy Centre, Department of Neuropathology, St. Anne’s University Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic

Purpose. The rationale for this case report is to assess the degree of congruency between the results of several advanced functional, metabolic, and structural neuroimaging techniques used in patients with MRI-negative focal epilepsy. Methods. We investigated the presurgical evaluation and post-operative outcome of a patient with intractable, extratemporal epilepsy. Because the habitual seizures in this patient could be easily induced, six, advanced, neurodiagnostic techniques were successively applied (SISCOM, ictal FDG-PET, ictal fMRI, postictal diffusion-weighted imaging, voxel-based morphometry, and MRS imaging). Results. The findings for the neuroimaging methods investigated, within the left central region, were fairly congruent. Subsequent, invasive EEG recordings revealed a seizure-onset zone at the site where most of the neuroimaging had shown abnormal findings. The surgical removal of the epileptogenic zone, as defined by concordant neuroimaging and SEEG data, resulted in seizure-free postoperative outcome. Histopathological findings revealed mild focal cortical dysplasia. Conclusion. Great efforts should be made to combine most of the advanced neuroimaging methods in the preoperative assessment of non-lesional epilepsy surgery candidates.