Laboratoire d’Immunochimie, Faculté de Médecine Lyon Sud, Chemin du petit Revoyet BP 12, 69921 Oullins, FRANCE
- Page(s) : 10061-79
- Published in: 2004
We have previously shown that the addition of 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate (MTOB) to cultures of methionine dependent neoplastic cells which lack endogenous MTOB restores their capacity to grow in the absence of exogenous methionine. Transition state inhibitors of the MTOB transaminase, responsible for the transamination of MTOB to methionine, had also been designed and selected for their capacity to inhibit the proliferation of methionine dependent neoplastic cells but not that of normal cells in culture. We now show that the transition state analogue : L-methionine ethyl esterpyridoxal (MEEP) with a structure corresponding to the oxo acid receptor covalently linked to pyridoxamine and the amine donor analogue: D-aspartate β hydroxamate (D-AH) are efficient inhibitors of MTOB transaminase. [
3H] MEEP uptake into transformed HeLa cells is similar to that in normal MRC5 cells, yet growth inhibition is seem in the transformed but not in the normal cells. MEEP irreversibly inhibits the activity of this enzyme when added to HeLa cells in culture but not that of the purified rat liver enzyme, probably due to pyridoxal phosphate already bound in the active site. On the contrary, D-AH is a noncompetitive reversible inhibitor of the purified rat liver enzyme in vitro and also inhibits intracellular HeLa MTOB transaminase. Furthermore, in HeLa cells both inhibitors induce DNA strand breaks typical of apoptotic cell death. These results provide evidence that MTOB transaminase is a potential target for antiproliferative agents which could selectively affect methionine-dependent neoplastic cells. The transition state intermediate : MEEP as an amine acceptor analogue was found to be 20 fold more effective than D-AH as the amine donor analogue in inducing apoptosis. Copyright John Libbey Eurotext 2003.