Service de pédiatrie, CHU Timone, Marseille, France
Médecins sans Frontières Téléexpertise, Toronto, Canada
Service de dermatologie, HIA Sainte-Anne, Toulon, France
- Key words: poxvirus, monkeypox, smallpox, vaccinia, cowpox, orf, molluscum contagiosum
- DOI : 10.1684/mst.2017.0653
- Page(s) : 29-39
- Published in: 2017
This article reviews the different types of poxvirus infections. Smallpox, although eradicated, must continue to be monitored because of the potential risk of accidental or voluntary (by bioterrorism) reintroduction. Monkeypox and cowpox viruses are considered to be emergent today ; their high risk of dissemination is due to the increase in international transport as well as trends for new animals as pets and the loss of vaccinal protection against smallpox. Molluscum contagiosum (molluscipoxvirus) causes mild infections, is particularly frequent in children ; in adults it is a marker of the risk of sexually transmitted infections and can, in cases with profuse lesions, reveal AIDS.