John Libbey Eurotext

Environnement, Risques & Santé

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Inconfort thermique et santé : protéger les plus vulnérables (seconde partie) Volume 14, issue 3, Mai-Juin 2015

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Service des études médicales (SEM) d’EDF
45, rue Kleber
92300 Levallois-Perret
France
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  • Key words: air pollution, indoor, cold temperatures, health, hot temperatures, housing
  • DOI : 10.1684/ers.2015.0785
  • Page(s) : 221-9
  • Published in: 2015

In this second part of our paper, we review human and building factors that increase the risks of health impact of exposure to excess cold and excess heat in housing and the range of responses to reduce these risks. This shows that most human factors and some building characteristics that increase susceptibility are common to low and to high temperatures. The human factors include age, gender, some physical and mental health conditions, isolation, low social-economic status, people with mobility problems, and being unaware of precautionary actions. The building factors include inadequate thermal insulation, and inappropriate provision for heating and for ventilation.

These observations should encourage social, building and health sectors to adopt a more integrated approach to provide protection for those most at risk from exposure to low and high temperatures.