Cahiers d'études et de recherches francophones / Santé


Epidemiological features of tumors of the skin and mucosal membranes in the department of dermatology at the Yalgado Ouedraogo National Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Volume 13, issue 2, Avril 2003


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Centre hospitalier national Yalgado Ouedraogo, 01 BP 7022, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso Service de dermatologie et de vénéréologie <fatou_barroyahoo.fr> Service de chirurgie Service de pédiatrie Service d’anatomie et de cytologie pathologiques Laboratoire d’histo-pathologie cutanée de Strasbourg (France)

We conducted a retrospective study of the files of all patients seen from 1 January 1992 through 31 December 1996 with tumors of the skin and mucosal membranes at the Yalgado Ouédraogo National Hospital in order to determine the epidemiologic features of this disease. The records revealed 988 patients presented 1024 tumors, which could be classified into 33 categories. Most of the patients (60.6%) were in the age bracket of 20 to 39 years. Nearly all cases (988 or 96.5%) were benign skin tumors, mainly of infectious origin, especially viral (51.7%). We observed a substantial number of sexually transmissible infections, such as condylomata. We also found 36 cases (3.5%) of malignant tumors, including 29 cases of Kaposi sarcoma, five skin carcinoma (13.8%), three spinocellular and two basocellular; we also noted two borderline malignant tumors: a dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and a nodular hidradenoma. The elevated prevalence of condyloma (151 cases) may explain the predominance of the 20-39 year age group, which is the most sexually active. Our series also confirmed the relative rarity (3.5%) of cutaneous cancers among African blacks. The predominance of Kaposi sarcoma may be explained by the high prevalence of HIV infection in our country.