Psychologie & NeuroPsychiatrie du vieillissement


Risque d’épuisement professionnel chez les soignants en gériatrie : une approche centrée sur la personne Volume 2, issue 3, Septembre 2004


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Laboratoire de psychologie clinique et psychopathologie, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, ben.courty@wanadoo.fr

From a person‐centered perspective, this study investigates the relationship between burn out and anxiety‐depression, among geriatric caregivers, according to the helplessness‐hopelesness theory. The population studied consists of 150 caregivers, drawn from different geriatric facilities throughout France. Data was collected from three self‐administered questionnaires: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) measures burn out, whereas the STAI measures anxiety and the CES‐D assesses symptoms of depression. These tools have been used to analyze the effects of several potential vulnerability factors. Three distinct groups have been identified by cluster analysis on the MBI’s dimensions. Subjects from the first cluster (n ∓ 88) did not suffer from burn out, whereas subjects from group 2 (n ∓ 46) and group 3 (n ∓ 16) have been rated “at risk” and “at high risk” of developing burn out. The three groups have significantly different levels of anxiety and depression. Age, profession and type of facility appeared as vulnerability factors for professional burn out.