John Libbey Eurotext

Hépato-Gastro & Oncologie Digestive

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Management of gastroparesis Volume 21, issue 7, Septembre 2014

Figures

  • Figure 1
  • Figure 2
  • Figure 3
  • Figure 4
  • Figure 5

Tables

Authors
1 CHU de Rouen,
service d’hépato-gastroentérologie et de nutrition,
Rouen,
France
2 CHU Rouen,
service de physiologie digestive et urinaire,
Rouen,
France
3 INSERM UMR 1073 Hôpital Charles Nicolle,
Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie,
1 rue de Germont,
76031 Rouen Cedex,
France
4 CHU de Rouen,
service d’endocrinologie, diabète et maladies métaboliques,
Rouen,
France
* Tirés à part

Gastroparesis is characterized by a delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Major underlying conditions are diabetes mellitus (mainly type 1), surgical procedures including a truncal vagotomy and/or a distal gastric resection, the use of some drugs such as opioids or antidepressants. In about 30% of the cases, the gastroparesis is considered idiopathic. The diagnosis of gastroparesis has to be discussed when the patient's complaint is an epigastric fullness relieved by vomiting, a feeling of prolonged gastric emptying or an epigastric pain unexplained by any endoscopic finding. Other suggestive conditions are a poorly controlled diabetes mellitus or a gastroesophageal disease refractory to usual treatment in a compliant patient. A gastric emptying test is necessary to assess the diagnosis because of the low predictive value of symptoms. First-line treatment options include dietary recommendations, prokinetics, antiemetics and the optimal control of diabetes. In refractory cases, even to second-line prokinetics such as erythromycin or azithromycin, other options are, particularly when the nutritional status of the patient is impaired: enteral feeding, gastric electrical stimulation or pyloric endoscopic procedure (dilation or Botox® injections). Whether some patients are potential candidates for surgery remains poorly demonstrated. To date, on the basis of the available data, surgery has to remain an exceptional option.