Department of Neurology, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Porto
Neurophisiology Unit, Neurology Service, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto
Neuroradiology Service, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto, Portugal
Correspondence: Ricardo Rego
Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro,
Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João,
4200-319 Porto, Portugal
When performing pre-surgical evaluation of patients with refractory epilepsy, the analysis of seizure semiology is one of the key elements used to generate a hypothesis about the location of the epileptogenic zone. Ictal kissing is a very rarely observed ictal automatism described in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. We present a 62-year-old man who was referred to our epilepsy centre for comprehensive evaluation. During prolonged video-EEG monitoring, six focal-onset hyperkinetic seizures were registered. In five seizures, the patient repeatedly produced sonorous kisses “into the air”. Initial ictal EEG pattern consisted of rhythmic theta or alpha activity at the right fronto-polar and fronto-medial electrodes. MRI depicted focal cortical dysplasia located in the right prefrontal medial cortex. This case suggests that ictal kissing can also occur in the setting of right frontal lobe epilepsy; we therefore believe that this observation expands the anatomo-clinical correlation for this rare ictal automatism. [Published with video sequences].