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European Journal of Dermatology

Skin autoreactivity in Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients without urticaria: Autologous serum skin test positivity correlation with thyroid antibodies, sonographical volume and grading Volume 22, issue 3, May-June 2012

  • Auteur(s) : Zafer Turkoglu, Ilkin Zindanci, Ozlem Turkoglu, Burce Can, Mukaddes Kavala, Gonca Tamer, Vasfiye Ulucay, Erdal Akyer , Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Istanbul Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education and Reserach Hospital, Department of Endocrinology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital Atifbey sok.Sermiha k. 63/2 C-16 Acibadem Uskudar 346662 Istanbul, Turkey
  • Mots-clés : autologous serum skin test, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid autoantigen, thyroid ultrasound, Fc receptor pathways
  • Page(s) : 345-50
  • DOI : 10.1684/ejd.2012.1711
  • Année de parution : 2012

Recent studies have shown an association between anti-thyroid antibodies and autologous serum skin test (ASST) positive urticaria patients. However, a connection between thyroid and this reliable skin test for mast cell autoreactivity, ASST, has not been reported yet. We investigated ASST in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) without urticaria and compared the results with laboratory and sonographical findings of HT. 154 HT patients, 100 healthy volunteers without HT as a first control group and 46 patients with multinodular goitre but without autoimmune thyroid disease as a second control group underwent testing with ASST. ASST was applied to these groups according to two criteria, first as ASST(new): autologous serum red wheal response 1.5 mm bigger than negative control; second as ASST(old): serum red wheal response 5 mm bigger than negative control accepted as positive. Free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (anti-TPO) and thyroglobulin antibody (anti-Tg) levels were measured. ASST(old), ASST(new) scored positive in 51.3-60.4% of HT patients, with statistically significant differences. Thyroid volume grades were inversely proportional with ASST(old) and (new) positivity. Moderate (+) titers of anti-Tg in ASST(old) and (new) (+) cases were significantly higher than the same titers of anti-Tg in ASST(old) and (new) (-) cases. The prevalence of ASST positivity in HT patients was not affected by the following factors: gender, age at screening, laboratory measurements of thyroid function tests, anti-TPO antibodies and thyroid ultrasound (US) echogenicity. Positivity of ASST in HT has shown that there is a skin mast cell autoreactivity in HT patients independent of autoreactive chronic urticaria (ACU).