John Libbey Eurotext

European Journal of Dermatology

Coping with exacerbation in psoriasis and eczema prior to admission in a dermatological ward Volume 16, issue 3, May-June 2006

Authors
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Department of Dermatology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Haukeland University Hospital, Norway
  • Key words: psoriasis, eczema, coping, quality of life
  • Page(s) : 271-5
  • Published in: 2006

Chronic dermatologic diseases, such as psoriasis and eczema, may cause significant psycho-social problems and stress. Our objectives were to characterize how hospitalised patients coped with psoriasis and eczema, and to investigate the relationship between coping and quality of life. Data are based on survey forms completed upon admission to the dermatology ward from 212 patients with chronic dermatological diseases, 146 with psoriasis and 66 with eczema. 108 were men, average age 48 years. The Norwegian versions of the standardized survey questionnaires, Jalowiec Coping Scale and Dermatological Life Quality Index, were used to evaluate coping and quality of life. We found that optimism, belief-in-oneself and confrontational coping strategies were most frequently used. Long duration of the disease was correlated to the belief-in-oneself strategy, while short duration was related to supportive strategies. More frequent use of confrontational and optimistic modes was significantly related to better quality of life. More frequent use of emotional and evasive modes was significantly related to poorer quality of life. There was no significant difference between the psoriasis and eczema groups in terms of use of coping strategies, with exception of emotional strategies. Knowledge of coping strategies and quality of life among patients with chronic dermatological diseases is important for improvement in health services for these patients.