John Libbey Eurotext

European Journal of Dermatology

Connexin 26 in psoriatic skin before and after two conventional therapeutic modalities: methotrexate and PUVA Volume 22, issue 2, March-April 2012

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Authors
Departments of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Maadi, Dokki, 11234, Cairo, Egypt
  • Key words: psoriasis, gap junctions, connexin 26, methotrexate, PUVA
  • DOI : 10.1684/ejd.2012.1649
  • Page(s) : 218-24
  • Published in: 2012

Background: Direct intercellular signaling, which controls keratinocyte behavior, proliferation and differentiation, occurs through gap junctions. Altered expression of connexins may play a role in the development of psoriatic lesions. Objectives: We estimated connexin 26 (Cx26) mRNA in psoriatic patients and investigated whether the standard therapeutic modalities (methotrexate and PUVA) exert their anti-psoriatic activity partially through altering Cx26 mRNA levels. We also detected Cx26 in skin biopsies by immunohistochemistry. RT-PCR measured Cx26 mRNA levels in 24 chronic plaque psoriasis patients. Group A received intramuscular methotrexate and group B was treated by PUVA for ten weeks, each followed by measurement of Cx26 mRNA levels and immunohistochemistry. Twelve healthy volunteers served as controls. Results: Cx26 mRNA expression was significantly higher in the patients before treatment than in controls (P<0.001). Post treatment levels were significantly lower than pre-treatment levels (P<0.001), however, significantly higher than in controls (P<0.001). Methotrexate and PUVA caused significant reductions in Cx26 mRNA expression (P=0.002, P=0.028 respectively). Post treatment levels were slightly significantly lower in the methotrexate group than in the PUVA group (P=0.046). The reduction in Cx26 mRNA expression was significantly positively correlated with the clinical improvement of the psoriatic plaque (P=0.002). Immunostaining of Cx26 decreased after treatment. Conclusion: Altered expression of the gap junction protein Cx26 may have a role in the development of the psoriatic phenotype. Both methotrexate and PUVA significantly lowered the expression of Cx26 mRNA and protein.