Hôpital Paul-Brousse, 12-14, avenue Paul-Vaillant-Couturier, 94804 Villejuif, France.
Oxaliplatin is a new platinum analog of the DACH family. Recent preclinical data have confirmed its non overlapping spectrum of activity with cisplatin, including acquired and intrinsic platinum resistant cell lines (as KB-CP, A 2780, HT29, CaCo2 colon cancer). When combined with other cytotoxic agents (5FU, SN38, CDDP, carboplatin), oxaliplatin has additive and/or synergistic antitumoral effects on various in vitro and in vivo models (colon, breast, ovarian and epidermoid tumors). Phase II trials have confirmed a sensorial peripherical neuropathy as its limiting toxicity while neither ototoxicity nor renal toxicities and only limited myelotoxicity were noted. Available phase II studies have established its antitumoral activity as single agent in 5FU refractory colon carcinoma while preliminary results suggest efficacy in cisplatin resistant ovarian cancer, in non small cell lung cancer, non Hodgkin lymphoma. Antitumoral activity has been observed during phases I in melanoma, glioma, breast and oesophageal cancers. A high response rate (28-65%) with the triple association (FU/folinic acid/oxaliplatin) has been reported in advanced colon cancer treated in first and second line settings. The results of two randomized phase III studies (FU/folinic acid +/– oxaliplatin) are expected. The oxaliplatin/cisplatin combination as salvage regimen had produced significant antitumoral activity (response rate: 45%) in resistant/refractory ovarian cancer. Finally, recent experimental and clinical data have outlined the potential interest in the developpement of this new original platinum compound. New single agent phases II are expected in other tumor types as well as new oxaliplatin combinations are ongoing (phase I trials of oxaliplatin/CPT-11 and of oxaliplatin/carboplatin, phase II study of oxaliplatine-vinorelbine in lung cancer).