United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Utah State University, Logan Utah 84322-6300 USA, 69086 Allen Canyon Rd, Wallowa, Oregon 97885 USA, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 6180 Kabul Place, Dulles, Virginia 20189-6180 USA, Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center, Union Station, Union Oregon 97883 USA
- Key words: Mongolia, Central Asia, pastoralism, animal production, arid zone, rangelands
- Page(s) : 133-41
- Published in: 2006
Mongolia has a rich history and diverse, expansive rangelands. Mongolia’s rangelands have always been publicly owned, but their management has changed with the Country’s governing structure. In its transition from a centrally controlled economy to a market economy since 1990, livestock production has undergone marked changes that have affected the management and ecological condition of Mongolia’s rangelands. A combination of increased livestock numbers, diminished spatial distribution of livestock, collapse of many grazing management systems, severe winter storms, and a series of drought years have affected the ecological condition and stability of rangeland resources across much of the country, especially in the desert-steppe and desert ecological zones. An infrastructure for effective grazing regulation, support services, and marketing needs to be established to allow Mongolians to compete in a global market economy and ensure sustainable use of their unique rangeland resources.