Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse


The major problems of water management in Morocco Volume 15, issue 2, AVRIL-MAI-JUIN


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Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences et techniques, Département de géologie, Laboratoire d’hydrogéologie, BP 549, Gueliz, 40000 Marrakech, Maroc <agoussinefstg‐marrakech.ac.ma> Université Ibn Zohr, Faculté des sciences, Laboratoire de géologie appliquée et géo‐environnement, Équipe d’hydrogéologie, BP 28\S, 80000 Agadir, Maroc <lbouchaouyahoo.fr>

The major problem with the water resources of Morocco is that they are irregularly distributed in both space and time. Currently, the use of 91 to 94% of the resources mobilized for agricultural purposes and of only 6 to 9% for the industry and for drinking water supply, do point out to the will to develop the agricultural sector, but supplying drinking water to the rural world also constitutes a current concern. In spite of this policy, the long episodes of drought combined with increasing water requirements generate imbalances in both quantity and quality in the majority of the aquifers. To tackle this problem, it is necessary to set up an interdependent and participative integrated system for managing groundwater resources, in which the administration and all parties involved actively participate in the implementation of Law 10‐95 which aims at ensuring a rational and sustainable system for the management of water resources.