Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse


Les conséquences de la sécheresse sur la pédogenèse Volume 5, issue 3, Septembre 1994

Géodynamique des milieux continentaux Université P. et M. Curie 4, place Jussieu, boîte 114 75252 Paris cedex 05, France
  • Page(s) : 173-84
  • Published in: 1994

Climatic dryness (dry seasons, abnormal dry spells or drought) affects the soil directly (rarefaction of water) or indirectly (aeration, salinisation, etc.). Its main consequences on the soil-forming processes are the appreciable changes in chemical processes (and lesser availability of nutrients needed for the plant growth) and the reduction in soil water circulation (and precipitation of dissolved elements: concretions, indurated layers and salinisation). The proportion of organic matter also decreases more and more. In dry-regions pedogenesis, however, the soil’s physical properties become increasingly important: dryness is often associated with a decrease in porosity and other serious changes to the soil structure: great decrease in shrinkage/swelling properties (solidified setting), powdery structure, etc. Changes such as these make water and wind erosion even more damaging, especially when the effect of dryness is reinforced by soil degradation due to man.