John Libbey Eurotext

Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse


Sheep industry in the economy of Maghreb: the new dynamics of the sector Volume 17, issue 1, Janvier-Juin 2006


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Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (Cirad), Unité propre de recherches (UPR) « Systèmes d’élevage », Campus de Baillarguet, TA30/A, 34398 Montpellier cedex 5 France, Institut national de la recherche agronomique (Inra), 2, place Viala, 34060 Monpellier cedex 1 France
  • Key words: animal husbandry, Maghreb, animal production, arid zone
  • Page(s) : 40-6
  • Published in: 2006

The analysis of the sheep meat market in the Maghreb reveals a series of changes: the beginning of price differentiation according to market type, type of consumers, social events and season, as well as the successful development of supermarkets which provides a new type of retail selling. These changes could influence the whole distributional channel with a decentralization of the activities from urban to rural areas. Here we focus on the impacts of these changes on the place and development of livestock activity at farm level in arid and semiarid areas. If fattening for Aïd El Kebir is more and more important, natural constraints such as rainfall fluctuations remain predominant in the stocking decisions and feeding management.