Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse


Energy in the Sahel : an uncertain future Volume 12, issue 1, Mars 2001


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IRD, BP 1386, Dakar, Sénégal.
  • Page(s) : 51-7
  • Published in: 2001

The total energy consumption of the eight Sahelian countries represents only 1% of that of New York! Households account for most of this consumption, mainly fuelwood for domestic uses, which is rapidly leading to desertification. Sahel is still in the preindustrial phase with respect to energy consumption, mostly for thermal rather than mechanical uses. The low economic potential of Sahelian countries hampers the switch to modern energy sources. The high population growth rate in this region is a serious concern for the future, chiefly with respect to overuse of fuelwood resources.