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Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse

Work flexibility and new mobilities in arid zones: Mobilizing and mobilized of the export agro-industry in Limarí (Chile) Volume 22, numéro 4, Octobre-Novembre-Décembre 2011

  • Auteur(s) : Tamara Heran, Patrick Livenais , École des Hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) Centre Maurice Halbwachs (UMR 8097) Laboratoire Population-Environnement-Développement (UMR 151) Roman Diaz 264 Providencia Code postal 7500607 Santiago Chile, IRD Laboratoire Population-Environnement-Développement (UMR 151) Roman Diaz 264 Providencia Code postal 7500607 Santiago Chile
  • Mots-clés : arid zone, Chile, export agriculture, labour flexibility, mobilities
  • Page(s) : 260-6
  • DOI : 10.1684/sec.2011.0320
  • Année de parution : 2011

The “human characteristics of aridity” are at the centre of developments in arid environments. This paper focuses especially on labour, as an essential input in an emblematic arid area of Chile, made particular by the development of an export-oriented agriculture. The limited availability of the labour force, crucial for production of fruit, has led to dynamics and strategies aimed at meeting the needs for workers of export-oriented agricultural companies. Hence, the emergence of new stakeholders and new mobilities are transformations linked with the growth of this agro-exporting industry. Based on an empiric study led in Limari province (Chile) with the key stakeholders of this labor market, this article shows the new mobilities and the new dynamics which are specific to an export-oriented agriculture in an arid environment.

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