John Libbey Eurotext

Science et changements planétaires / Sécheresse


Ecological crises and mobility of pastoralists in the Sahel: The Fulani of Dallol Bosso (Niger) Volume 18, issue 1, Janvier, Février, Mars 2007


See all figures

Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) 32, avenue Henri Varagnat, 93143 Bondy cedex
  • Key words: climatology, drought, migations, Niger, nomadism, pastoralism, Sahel
  • DOI : 10.1684/sec.2007.0061
  • Page(s) : 5-12
  • Published in: 2007

Many Fulani graziers as well as farmers concentrate in the long Dallol Bosso valley (west Niger). Before the great drought of 1973, most of the Fulani in the Dallol Bosso moved northerly in search of vast summer pastures. In 1973, however, facing an emergency situation, the Fulani rushed southerly. In 1984, most of them fled again in the same direction. Such migrations, in times of crisis, are exceptional, but some of them paved the way for present transhumance patterns. Fulani pastoralists say the cattle are accustomed to the pastureland areas whereas migration areas during ecological crises are seen as exploratory areas.