Université Côte d’Azur, Faculté de Chirurgie dentaire, Département de Santé publique, 06300 Nice, France
Centre hospitalier universitaire (CHU) de Nice, Pôle d’Odontologie, 06000 Nice, France
Laboratoire MICORALIS UPR 7354, Université Côte d’Azur, 06300 Nice, France
Université Côte d’Azur, Faculté de Chirurgie dentaire, 06300 Nice, France
Université Côte d’Azur, Faculté de Chirurgie dentaire, Département de Dentisterie Restauratrice Endodontie, 06300 Nice, France
Université Côte d’Azur, Faculté de Chirurgie dentaire, Département d’Orthodontie, 06300 Nice, France
Introduction: Plaque control remains a concern in oral health but also in orthodontics. Objective: The aim of this paper was to investigate the dental plaque adhesion to different orthodontic appliances. Materials and Methods: Four literature reviews were initiated to clarify the accumulation of dental plaque to different orthodontic appliances, namely the type of brackets (conventional versus self-ligating, metal versus clear), the type of ligatures (metal versus elastomeric) in addition to the type of archwires. Moreover, a gallery of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images was made on different orthodontic appliances before and/or after time in the oral cavity. Results: Considering the strong methodological heterogeneity of the included studies, there is no consensus on which type of bracket should be preferred for the prevention of plaque retention. Metal ligatures would be less prone to plaque accumulation compared to elastomeric ligatures, which are themselves color-dependent. The type of archwire was not investigated in this topic. SEM images highlighted the presence of anfractuosities on the surface of new orthodontic archwires as well as the presence of biofilm at different degrees of maturation on the appliances after time in the oral cavity. Conclusion: Although it is not possible to establish a consensus on which orthodontic appliances should be preferred to decrease plaque retention, different stages of biofilm evolution are observable on their surface and therefore potentially associated with a proportional virulence.